Have you ever noticed that ships and submarines, as well as spacecrafts have round windows?
These striking features are known as portholes and they actually play a very important role on a ship.
What are Ship Portholes
A ship’s windows are called portholes, rounded windows that give you visibility outside of the boat.
These windows are also sometimes referred to as “port-hole windows” or “side scuttles” if they are located on both sides of the ship.
Ship manufacturers have been putting portholes on ships for as long as we can date back and they have retained their circular shape over the years.
Portholes are designed in this circular way to provide the best possible view from the ship’s porthole.
This is why a ships porthole is strategically placed as well as the height and they are hinged at the end.
Originally, portholes were designed to provide fresh air and light to enter certain parts of the boat.
On modern ships, you will see portholes in pretty much every room.
Construction of Ship Portholes
Ship portholes are generally constructed of steel, aluminum, bronze, iron or brass.
These materials can be bent into the circular shape and are made to keep water out.
The glass on a porthole is compulsorily made involving sand.
To make this glass, a mixture of lime, ash, and silica sand is combined and then heated and cooled constantly until the glass reaches the desired thickness.
Standard ship portholes measure around two feet in diameter while its weight can be around 100 pounds per porthole.
Portholes are made to be heavy duty to resist the elements such as winds, salt water, and other elements at sea.